Developments in the Arab region have global ramifications. External interventions combined with internal political, economic, and social challenges are producing insecurity marked by collapsed states, securitization, and an array of transnational movements. These historic social and political changes are accompanied by the emergence of citizen governance as a force in filling public sector gaps. In support of knowledge sector solutions, the Transnational Movements and the Arab Region subprogram supports efforts to connect Arab social scientists to address political, economic, and social drivers underlying conflict, and advance new approaches to transnational trends including political violence. Grants aim to advance policy-relevant research, disseminate and apply key insights, strengthen expertise, and promote international cooperation among scholars and institutions.