A Freudian Slip

Grantees in this story

The contract below was signed by Sigmund Freud — yes, that Freud — and James T. Shotwell, general editor of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s seminal, 150-volume series Economic and Social History of the World War. Freud informed Shotwell that he “can’t make any headway” and asked to be released from the contract.

Shotwell devoted most of his life, as he put it, “to the organization of peace,” and was instrumental in the creation of some of the most important international institutions of the 20th century, including the United Nations.